Saint Adalbert’s Church
Rynek Główny 3
What does this small, unimposing church do in the impressive and vast Main Market Square of Kraków? Moreover: standing askew?
This edifice is a relic of very distant times, long before the chartering of the city and the staking out of the Market Square. This place at the crossroads of trade routes was selected for a purpose: according to tradition, it is here that St Adalbert, a Bohemian cleric who came to the Polish lands invited by Prince Boleslaus the Brave (Bolesław Chrobry) preached his sermons.
Although the church was rebuilt and furnished in the spirit of baroque in the 17th century, its basic form dates back to the 11th and 12th centuries. The original Romanesque elements of the church are the most ancient built heritage in the Main Market Square. A section of a wall of limestone cobbles and a portal (from Grodzka Street) are disclosed today nearly 2 m (6.5 ft) below the current level of the square. Just imagine this used to be the original floor level of the Main Market Square!
An exhibition devoted to the history of the Main Market Square and the church of Saint Adalbert can be visited in the subterranean part of the church (open 1 June – 30 September, Mon-Sat 10am-4pm, tickets PLN 4/2)
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